Cara membuat atap pada sketchup adalah sebagai berikut:
Atau lebih mudahnya simak video berikut:
Untuk bertanya bisa subcribe dulu chanel youtube arivedu, dan tinggalkan pertanyaan di kolom coment
What distinguishes solid construction and design from an M.C. Escher optical illusion? Accurate measurements.
In SketchUp, the Tape Measure tool, the Protractor tool, and the Measurements box enable you to model precisely:
Beyond these tools, you can also combine the tips in this article with a little math to estimate building height accurately.
Measuring a distance
The Tape Measure tool can measure a distance, create a guide or reveal coordinates along the xis. Here’s where you find the Tape Measure
in the SketchUp interface:
Tip: With the Tape Measure tool selected, you can see the length of line or the area of a face at glance. Hover the Tape Measure cursor over a line or face, and you see the distance or area in the Measurements box.
To measure geometry or set a guide line, follow these steps:
Note: A good rule to remember; You'll use endpoints to create Guide Points, you can create Guide Lines using midpoints, lines or faces.
Tip: When you measure from an end point inference and create a guide, SketchUp creates a guide point, as shown in the figure. A guide point is a finite dashed line, whereas a guide line is infinite.
Measuring an angle
Measure an angle when you want to duplicate that angle elsewhere in your model or create plans, such as for a woodworking project. To measure an angle or create angled guide lines, use the Protractor tool.
You find the Protractor tool (
) in a few different parts of SketchUp’s interface:
In the video, you see how to measure angles and set guides with the Protractor tool. For steps that walk you through the process, read the rest of this section.
To measure an angle and create an angled guide line, follow these steps:
Note: SketchUp can handle up to 0.1 of a degree of angular precision.
Editing guide lines
To reorient a guide line or guide point, you can move or rotate it. See Moving Entities Around and Flipping and Rotating for details.
Note: You cannot resize a guide line because guide lines are infinite in length.
Hiding and erasing guide lines
Guide lines are usually created as a temporary aid for building a portion of your model. Keeping too many guide lines in your model can decrease SketchUp’s inference accuracy and display performance, so you might want to hide guide lines as you work or delete all guide lines after you finish your 3D model.
To hide guide lines, you can use either of the following methods:
To make hidden guides visible again, select Edit > Unhide and choose an option from the Unhide submenu.
Deleting guide lines removes them altogether, never to return. Here are some ways to delete your guide lines:
Estimating building height accurately
If you don’t know the height of an existing building that you’re trying to model, here are some techniques you can use to make an educated guess:
When you’re ready to extrude a building’s footprint to the correct height, make sure you’re in ISO view by choosing Camera > Standard Views > Iso. Then use the Push/Pull tool (
) to extrude your building into 3D and enter your building's exact height.
Method 1: Count repeated units
Often, buildings are constructed with bricks, blocks or other modular construction materials. Measure the height of a single unit, count the total number of units on the facade, and multiply to get an approximate overall height.
This method also works for entire building levels. If you can measure a single level on the façade of your building, you can multiply by the total number of levels to arrive at an approximate overall measurement.
Method 2: Take a picture with an object of known height
When you’re taking a picture of the building you plan to model, include something (or someone) in the photo whose height you know.
Tip: Here are a few tips for estimating building height with this method:
You can use a photo-editing program to estimate the height of your building based on the object (or person) you included in the photograph.
Method 3: Use some simple trigonometry
With a few simple measurements, it’s possible to estimate heights with some accuracy. Take a look at the figure below. All you need to know is:
Use this formula to calculate the height of the building:
For example, given a building distance of 25 meters, an angle of 37 degrees, and an eye height of 1.75 meters, the formula would be:
Note: On your calculator, the tan button calculates the tangent of an angle.
Measurements box quick reference
In this section, you find tables that outline all the values the Measurements box accepts, depending on what tool you’re using. Remember that, after you use a tool, you can simply type the value and press Enter. You don’t need to click in the Measurements box. Also, until you make another change to your model or select a different tool, you can continue to enter values that modify your action.
Specifying Units of Measurement
The following table outlines how to specify units of measurement. If you don’t indicate a unit, SketchUp uses the units in your template. To see or change your default units, select Window > Model Info and select Units in the sidebar on the left.UnitHow to Specify ItExampleInchesnumber + “10”Feetnumber + ’10’Millimetersnumber + mm10mmCentimetersnumber + cm10cmMetersnumber + m10m
An array arranges geometry in a line (linear array) or around a point (radial array). You create an array when you copy geometry with the Move tool or the Rotate tool. The following table outlines all the modifiers you can use when creating arrays.Array TypeHow to Specify ItExampleSpacingExternalnumber + x3xEqual distance as original and initial copyExternalnumber + *3*Equal distance as original and initial copyInternalnumber + /3/Equal distance between original and initial copy
Immediately after you use a tool, you can enter precise values, which appear in the Measurements box. The values you can enter depend on the tool.
Note: The exact format for a list separator may vary, depending on your computer’s Regional Settings. For European users, the list separator symbol may be a semicolon instead of a comma.
The following links point you to the article that outlines the accepted values and modifiers for each tool: